Modernism, in the context of landscape design, is a result of forms and functions of landscape design that reflect the need for outdoor living spaces that enhance contemporary lifestyles. In modern landscape design, boundaries between areas of color, textures and shapes are undefined-or conversely, sharply defined. Color and composition create the emotional response. Combining freshness and flair, these landscape designs use dramatic geometric shapes to create a point of view that is fluid and natural. Water and light are often used, as in artfully-lit outdoor water fountains, to enhance the sensual loveliness and liveliness.
Contemporary garden design tends to focus on scale as opposed to formal landscape designs that are based on axial relationships. It also fore goes the more classic landscape design forms and larger scale from Greek, Roman, and classical architecture traditions.